Sunday, July 1, 2012

Ever wondered what is the most expensive materials in the world? How expensive is gold for example?

16th  is Saffron. I have seen it before, couldn't steal it though :P

Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of Crocus sativus, family Iridaceae. The most expensive spice in the world. Of course, it is adulterated by many traders as a result.
It has medicinal uses as a carcinogenic (cancer-suppressing), and anti-mutagenic (mutation-preventing).
Saffron is widely used in Indian, Persian, European, Arab, and Turkish cuisines.

15th - Gold

Who haven't seen gold? We all did. Symbol "Au" in the periodic table.

14 - Rhodium

Rhodium is a chemical element that is a rare, silvery-white, hard, and chemically inert transition metal.
It has the chemical symbol Rh and atomic number 45. It is composed of only one isotope, 103Rh. Naturally occurring rhodium is found as the free metal, alloyed with similar metals, and never as a chemical compound.
It is one of the rarest precious metals.

13th - Platinum

Platinum is a chemical element with the chemical symbol Pt and an atomic number of 78.

12th- Methamphetamine, 100$ per gram, can you imagine this?

Info (wiki): Methamphetamine also known as methamfetamine (INN), meth, glass, tik, N-methylamphetamine, methylamphetamine, and desoxyephedrine, is a psychostimulant of the phenethylamine and amphetamine class of psychoactive drugs.
Methamphetamine increases alertness, concentration, energy, and in high doses, can induce euphoria, enhance self-esteem and increase libido.
Methamphetamine has high potential for abuse and addiction, activating the psychological reward system by triggering a cascading release of dopamine in the brain.
Methamphetamine is FDA approved for the treatment of ADHD and exogenous obesity. It is dispensed in the USA under the trademark name Desoxyn and manufactured by Ovation Pharmaceuticals which was purchased in 2009 by Danish pharmaceutical Lundbeck.

11th - Rhino horn

Rhinoceros are killed by humans for their horns, which are bought and sold on the black market, and which are used by some cultures for ornamental or (pseudo-scientific) medicinal purposes.
The horns are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails. Both African species and the Sumatran rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan rhinoceros have a single horn.

10 - Heroin

Also, named Diacetylmorphine. That addicting powder. It can be smoked, or taken orally or injected as a medicine as an analgesic or anit-diarrheal.
Largely produced in Afghanistan and Mexico.

9th - Cocaine

It is illegal to possess, grow, or distribute cocaine for non-medicinal and non-government-sanctioned purposes in almost all countries. Still it is used extensively throughout the world.
Cocaine is obtained from the leaves of coca plant. It is addicting. Medicinally used as a stimulant, an appetite suppressant, and a topical anesthetic.

8th - LSD

Lysergic acid diethylamide is a semisynthetic psychedelic drug of the ergoline family, well known for its psychological effects which can include altered thinking processes, closed and open eye visuals, synaesthesia, an altered sense of time and spiritual experiences.
LSD is non-addictive, is not known to cause brain damage, and has extremely low toxicity relative to dose, although in rare cases adverse psychiatric reactions such as anxiety or delusions are possible.

7 - Plutonium

Symbol Pu and atomic number 94 in the periodic table. It's half-life is of about 80 million years is just long enough for the element to be found in trace quantities in nature. It reacts with carbon, halogens, nitrogen and silicon. When exposed to moist air, it forms oxides and hydrides that expand the sample up to 70% in volume, which in turn flake off as a powder that can spontaneously ignite. It is also radioactive and can accumulate in the bones. These properties make the handling of plutonium dangerous.
Plutonium is mostly a byproduct of nuclear fission in reactors where some of the neutrons released by the fission process convert uranium-238 nuclei into plutonium.

6 -Painite

The chemical makeup of painite contains calcium, zirconium, boron, aluminium and oxygen (CaZrAl9O15(BO3)). The mineral also contains trace amounts of chromium and vanadium. Painite has an orange-red to brownish-red color similar to topaz due to trace amounts of iron. The crystals are naturally hexagonal in shape, and, until late 2004, only two had been cut into faceted gemstones.
It is a very rare Borate mineral. It was first found in Myanmar by British mineralogist and gem dealer Arthur C.D. Pain in the 1950s. When it was confirmed as a new mineral species, the mineral was named after him.

5 - Taffeit

A jewel purple color is said to be a million times rarer than diamonds. Because of extreme rarity only used as a gemstone.

4 - Tritium

It is a radioactive isotope of Hydrogen.
Tritium is used to write self-luminous signs "exit" in theaters, schools and offices. Also used in some original watches.

3 - Diamonds

Colorless stone can cost more than $ 11 per carat, but colored diamonds are worth more. What is it for: natural diamonds are most often used in the jewelry industry. Also, extreme hardness of diamond finds its application in industry: it is used to make knives, drills, cutters, and similar products.

2 - Californium

Californium is a radioactive metallic chemical element with the symbol Cf and atomic number 98. The element was first made at the University of California, Berkeley in 1950.
It is an element that is so expensive to produce, californium isotopes do not have any practical application. In the West it was created only once since its opening in 1950.

1 - Antimatter

Antimatter in the future could theoretically be used as fuel for spaceships to other planets. The problem is that its production requires extremely expensive technology, and to create just 1 gram, the world would have to work for a year.
There is considerable speculation as to why the observable universe is apparently composed almost entirely of matter (as opposed to a mixture of matter and antimatter), whether there exist other places that are almost entirely composed of antimatter instead, and what sorts of technology might be possible if antimatter could be harnessed. At this time, the apparent asymmetry of matter and antimatter in the visible universe is one of the greatest unsolved problems in physics.